Skip to main content

Awrah for Men and Women in Salah (Prayer)?

Generally speaking, men's `awrah (private parts) is what is between navel and thigh whereas women’s `awrah is the whole body except face and hands.

In his book Fiqh As-Sunnah, the late Sheikh Sayyed Sabiq, may Allah bless his soul, states the following:

Covering the `awrah is one of the prerequisites of Prayer. Allah says in the Qur'an,"O Children of Adam, take your adornment (by wearing proper clothing) for every mosque." (Al-A'raf 6:31) The word "adornment" here refers to covering the `awrah, while the word "mosque" means "Prayer." Therefore, the whole phrase means "Cover your `awrah for every Prayer." Salamah ibn Al-Akwa` said to the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), "O Messenger of Allah, may I pray in a long shirt?" He said, "Yes, but button it, even with just a thorn." (Al-Bukhari)

Man's `Awrah

As for man, he has to cover what is between the navel and thighs. But there is disagreement about the exposing of the navel, thighs and knees. The following Hadiths prove that such parts are not part of man's `awrah

`A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) narrates: "The Prophet was sitting with his thigh exposed when Abu Bakr sought, and received, permission to enter. The same thing happened with `Umar. However, when `Uthman sought permission to enter, the Prophet covered himself with his clothes. When they left, I said, 'O Messenger of Allah, you allowed Abu Bakr and `Umar to enter while your thigh was exposed. But when `Uthman asked permission to enter, you covered yourself with your clothes.' He said, 'O 'A'ishah, shouldn’t I be shy of a man even the angels, by Allah, feel bashful in his presence'?"(Al-Bukhari)

Ibn Hazm says, "It is correct to say that the thigh is not part of `awrah, saying otherwise will conflict with the fact that Allah allowed His Prophet, who is protected (from sin), to uncover his thigh so that Anas and others could see it? Allah would have kept him from doing this. According to Jabir as recorded in the two Sahihs (authentic books of Al-Bukhari and Muslim), when the Prophet was young (before his prophethood), he was once carrying the stones of the Ka`bah, wearing only a loincloth. His uncle al-`Abbas said to him, 'O nephew, why don't you untie your waistcloth and put it on your shoulder for padding?' The Prophet did so and fell unconscious. He was never seen naked again after that."'

Ibn Hazm mentions that Hubair ibn Al-Huwairith looked at Abu Bakr's thigh when it was uncovered, and that Anas ibn Malik came to Qas ibn Shammas when his thigh was uncovered.

However, the following Hadiths are cited to show that the thighs and so on are part of `awrah:

Muhammad Jahsh reported, "The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) passed by Ma`mar while his thighs were uncovered. He said, to him, 'O Ma`mar, cover your thighs, for they are (part of) `awrah." (Ahmad, al-Hakim and al-Bukhari)

Jurhad peported, "The Messenger of Allah passed by me when the cloak I was wearing was a little bit off my thigh. He said, 'Cover your thigh, for it (is part of)`awrah." (Ahmad, Abu Dawood, At-Tirmidhi and Al-Bukhari)

Woman's `Awrah

There is no such controversy over what constitutes a woman's `awrah. It is stated that her entire body is `awrah and must be covered, except her hands and face. Allah Almighty says in the Qur'an, "and not expose their adornment except that which [necessarily] appears thereof and to wrap [a portion of] their head covers over their chests and not expose their adornment except to their husbands" (An-Nur 24:31)

It has been authentically related on the authority of Ibn `Abbas, Ibn `Umar and `A'ishah that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, "Allah does not accept the prayer of an adult woman unless she wears a head covering (khimar,hijab)." (Reported by the Five except An-Nasa'i)

It is related from Umm Salamah that she asked the Prophet, "Can a woman pray in a long shirt (like a night shirt) and head covering without a loincloth?" He said, "If the shirt is long and flowing and covers the top of her feet (i.e. it’s allowed to do do)." (Abu Dawud) The scholars say it is an authentic hadith in mauquf form (as a statement of Umm Salamah and not that of the Prophet).

It is also related that on being asked about kinds of garments a woman is allowed to pray in, `Aa'ishah answered, "Ask `Ali Ibn Abu Talib and then tell me what he says." 'Ali's answer was, "In a head cover and a long flowing shirt." On conveying this reply to `Aa'ishah, she said, "He has told the truth."

The clothes worn must cover the `awrah, even if they are tight enough to highlight those features. If the clothes are so thin that one's skin color can be seen, they are not suitable for prayer.

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

SEX BEFORE MARRIAGE AND ITS CONSEQUENCES.

In the name of Allah, most compassionate and most merciful. “From among the signs of the Hour (end of time) are that religious knowledge will be taken away (by the death of religious scholars), ignorance will prevail, drinking of alcoholic drinks, and there will be a prevalence of Zina.” – Prophet (saw) We begin our topic with these words of our beloved Prophet. How true were his words? We live in a world where all these things are prevalent and unfortunately in our Muslim community as well. Many of our Muslim brothers and sisters are trapped in the evil of Zina and it has become a norm for them, as a result they don’t even consider it haram and unlawful. Allah says in holy Quran: Sūrah al-Isrā’, 17:32: “And do not even approach zina, for it is an outrageous act, and an evil way…’’ We are not going into detail about why Zina is unlawful but in this article, you will find the consequences of this sin. How this affects a life of a person physically, mentally, spiritually and so

MUSLIMS MOURN ALI BANAT - THE MAN ‘GIFTED WITH CANCER’

It’s a sad day for all those who knew Ali Banat, the young man gifted with cancer. Ali Banat was an inspiring Australian Muslim philanthropist whose diagnosis of cancer motivated him to dedicate his life to charity work. “At this point in my life, Alhamdulillah I have been gifted by Allah with cancer throughout my body and I have changed my whole life to helping people,” he said. An Inspiration to Muslim Youth A man of a kind heart was known for his charity work over the past three years. One of his biggest achievements is MATW project, (Muslims Around The World) launched in October 2015 to assist those less fortunate in the poverty-stricken areas of Togo, Africa. He was an inspiration to Muslim youth, dedicating his big fortune to charity work. His organization built mosques and schools for the less fortunate in Africa. May Allah accept it from him! Indeed, to Allah we belong and to Him we shall return. May Allah have mercy on our brother Ali Banat and make it easy

THE MAN WHO INSPIRE MILLIONS OF MUSLIMS EVEN WHEN HE IS PASSED AWAY (ALI BANAT)

Ali Banat is a sydney born who was diagnosed with Cancer and doctors have given him only 7 months to live. Despite his circumstances, he considers this a gift from Allah. Ali Banat, is a young man who, in his own words, was “gifted” with a stage 4 cancer throughout his body. He was given just a few months to live but took this great test as an opportunity to change his life. Upon receiving this news he immediately sold his business, gave up his lavish lifestyle and prized possessions and began a new mission to give up his Dunya and work for his Akhira. Ali has humbly dedicated the remainder of his life to helping those who are far less fortunate than him and in doing so, set up the charity MATW Project (Muslims Around The World) which has already changed the lives of so many. Being diagnosed with cancer is like death sentence for many. But this is not the way Australian Muslim Ali Ali Banat sees it. For him, the sickness is unquestionably a gift from Allah. “At this point in m