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PROPHET MUHAMMAD (PBUH) SEND LETTER TO HERACLIUS AND THE CONTENT OF LETTER

When the Prophet (PBUH) at a certain time in his messenger ship in the Madina, sent letters to various rulers, and dignitaries throughout the world at that time including the Persian, Roman Emperor, for example, the Pope in Rome, Negus of Abyssinia, Muqawqis, the leader of the Copts in Egypt and one of these letters reached HERACLIUS. Heraclius was the Roman emperor at the time and when Heraclius received this letter. He called for his translator and he gathered together some of the Arabs who were there at the time and one of them happened to be Abu Sufyan. Abu Sufyan was a cousin of the Prophet (PBUH), he was the leader of Makkah and the leader of the Pagans at the time and he happened to be in Jerusalem when Heraclius received this letter. He called for his translator who translating Heraclius Questions said to them who amongst you is closely related to that man who claims to be a Prophet (PBUH)? Abu Sufyan replied; I am nearest relative to him. Heraclius said bring Abu Sufyan close to me and make his companions stand behind him. Heraclius told his translator to tell Abu Sufyan's companions that he wanted to put some questions regarding that man and if he told a lie, they should contradict him. So there we are that we are in the court of Heraclius and Heraclius. Abu Sufyan said by Allah, had I not been afraid that my companions are going to label me a liar.

So the first question Heraclius asked Abu Sufyan was this; what family status has he amongst you? Abu Sufyan replied he belongs to a noble family amongst us. Then Heraclius asked; has anybody else amongst you ever claimed the same before him? Reply NO. Was any amongst his ancestors a king, Heraclius asked? Abu Sufyan replied no. Heraclius asked; do the nobles or the poor follow him? Abu Sufyan replied it is the poor who follow him. And then the Heraclius asked; are his followers increasing or decreasing? Abu Sufyan replied; they are increasing. Then he asked; does anybody amongst those who embrace his religion become displeased and renounce the religion afterward? Abu Sufyan replied No. Heraclius then said; have you ever accused him of telling lies before his claim? Again Abu Sufyan says no. Heraclius says; does he break his truce? Answer no, we are at truce with him now and we don’t know what he’s going to do in it.

Abu Sufyan said I could not find an opportunity to say anything against the Prophet (PBUH) except that time. Then Heraclius asked have you ever had a war with him? Abu Sufyan replied yes, what was the outcome of the battles? Well, sometimes we were victorious and sometimes he was victorious. Then Heraclius asked what does he order you to do? He replied he tells us to worship Allah and Allah alone and not to worship anything along with him and to renounce all that our ancestors had said, he orders us to pray, speak the truth, to be chaste and to keep good relation with our kith and kin.

Heraclius asked the translator to convey the following; I asked you about his family and your reply was that he belonged to a very noble family (in fact all the Prophets come from noble families amongst their respective peoples). I questioned you whether anybody else among you claimed such a thing and your reply was in the negative, if the answer had been in the affirmative I would have suspected this man was following the previous man’s statement. Then I asked you whether any of his ancestors was a king and you replied no if you had said yes, I would have thought that this man was trying to take back his kingdom. In other words, use the mantle of Prophet Hood to try and take back the kingdom. Then I asked you if you were ever accused of telling lies before this i.e. before his claims to Prophethood and you said no, I wondered how can a person who never lies to people lie about Allah. Then I asked you whether the rich people or the poor follows him and you said that the poor people follow him, so it is with all the Prophets they have always been followed by that type of people. The prophets are always followed by the poor and the weak and the oppressed. Then I asked you whether his followers were increasing or decreasing, you said they were increasing and that is the way of true faith until it is complete in all respects. I further asked you if there was anybody who after embracing his religion became displeased and discarded his religion and you said no. in fact this is the sign of true faith when its delight enters the heart and mixes with them completely. I asked you whether he had ever betrayed you said no, and so the Prophets never betray. I asked what he ordered you to do, and you told me that he ordered you to worship Allah and Allah alone, and not to worship anything else along with him and forbade you from worshipping idols and told you to pray and to speak the truth and not to commit illegal fornication. If what you said is true, he will very soon occupy this place underneath my feet and I knew it from the scriptures that he was going to appear but I did not know that he would be from you and if I could reach him, definitely I would go immediately to meet him and if I was with him I would wash his feet. Heraclius then asks for the letter of the Prophet (PBUH) which was delivered by Dihya to the governor of bursa and it was forwarded to Heraclius to read and this what the letter said:

“IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE BENEFICENT, THE MERCIFUL, FORM MUHAMMAD THE SLAVE OF GOD AND HIS MESSENGER, TO HERACLIUS THE RULER OF BYZANTINES, PEACE BE UPON HIM WHO FOLLOWS THE RIGHT PATH. FURTHERMORE, INVITE YOU TO ISLAM AND IF YOU BECOME A MUSLIM, YOU WILL BE SAFE AND ALLAH WILL DOUBLE YOUR REWARDS AND IF YOU REJECTS THIS INVITATION YOU WILL BE COMMITTING A SIN BY MISGUIDING YOUR PEASANTS. OH PEOPLE OF THE SCRIPTURE, COME TO A WORD COMMON BETWEEN YOU AND US THAT WE WORSHIP NONE BUT ALLAH AND WE ASSOCIATE NOTHING IN WORSHIP WITH HIM AND THAT NONE OF US SHOULD TAKE LORDS BESIDES ALLAH. THEN IF THEY TURN AWAY SAY BEAR WITNESS THAT WE ARE MUSLIMS”

This is the of translation of verses of the QURAN. Abu Sufyan added when Heraclius had finished his speech and had read the letter there was a great hue and cry in the royal court and we were turned out of the court I said to my companions, surely the issue of Ibn Abn kasha and that was a type of derogatory term they used a nickname they used for the prophet (PBUH). His affair has become so prominent that even the king of the Byzantines afraid of him.

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