In today's world it is an urgent necessity for individuals and societies and communities alike. Also, this is the time when learning outside an institution whose certificates are not recognized and are not a knowledge, it is like having no education at all. If a person does not go to these educational institutions, he may be faced with some difficulties and hardships in his life which may well be detrimental to his interests to a large extent.
Whatever is proven to be in a person’s best interests, and for which there is nothing in Islamic teaching to indicate that it is not allowed, is something that is Islamically prescribed, and with regard to that which is Islamically prescribed, there is no differentiation between males and females, because that which is permissible for men is permissible for women, unless there is evidence for differentiating between them.
To be able to read and write is one of the blessings of Allah, that He has bestowed upon us.
He, may He be glorified and exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Read! In the Name of your Lord, Who has created (all that exists),
Has created man from a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood).
Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous,
Who has taught (the writing) by the pen”
The power of reading and writing is bestowed upon mankind so that they use it in obedience to him. So it is not appropriate for parents to deprive their daughters of education, on condition that they take care to raise them with Islamic attitudes, as is obligatory upon them with regard to their sons also. There is no differentiation in this regard between males and females.
The basic principle in this regard is that everything that is required with regard to males is required with regard to females. What is permissible for men, is permissible for women with no differentiation except in the cases that are indicated, i.e. when the difference is clearly stated by Quran or by words of Prophet Muhammad(peace be upon him):
The Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him: “Women are the counterparts of men.” Narrated by ad-Daarimi and others. So it is not permissible to differentiate except on the basis of a text to that effect.
If a girl wants to study she should do so and her parents or guardians must support her. She must join a school where there is no free mixing. However, education doesn't mean that she is not to follow Islamic rulings. She must follow all aspects of Islam including hijab and covering, and not making a wanton display of herself or wearing perfume, and not mix with men on her way to school.
Guardians of girls should try hard to provide a place where their daughters can learn that is free of things that are contrary to Islamic teachings, even if that requires paying fees or studying online or by enrolling in the university but not attending on a daily basis, and the like.
And Allah knows best.