Question: How sound is the hadeeth that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “Learn witchcraft (sihr), but do not use it.”?
Answer: No matter what it is not permissible to learn witchcraft/black Magic or practice it. There is no such Hadith in the authentic books of Islam. It is false and has no basis what so ever. Witchcraft is an evil action and is kufr (disbelief) and misguidance. Allah clearly stated that witchcraft is forbidden in His Book, where He says:
“They followed what the shayateen (devils) gave out (falsely of the magic) in the lifetime of Sulayman. Sulayman did not disbelieve, but the shayateen (devils) disbelieved, teaching men magic and such things that came down at Babylon to the two angels, Haroot and Maroot, but neither of these two (angels) taught anyone (such things) till they had said, ‘We are for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us).’ And from these (angels) people learn that by which they cause separation between a man and his wife, but they could not thus harm anyone except by Allah’s leave. And they learn that which harms them and profits them not. And indeed they knew that the buyers of it (magic) would have no share in the Hereafter. And how bad indeed was that for which they sold their own selves, if they but knew.
And if they had believed and guarded themselves from evil and kept their duty to Allah, far better would have been the reward from their Lord, if they but knew!” [2:102-103]
One can clearly see that in these verses Allah has stated witchcraft a kufr and a form of the teaching of the devil. Allah has condemned them and they are our clear enemies. Learning teaching or practicing witchcraft is evil and harmful and a muslim must beware of it and its ill effects. It leads to kufr and shrik( disbelief)
In the above verses we see that the two angels Haroot and Maroot did not teach any of it to people until they themselves agreed to it (what means), “We are for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us).” Then He says (what means), “but they could not thus harm anyone except by Allah’s leave” so it is known that it is kufr and misguidance, and that the practitioners of witchcraft cannot harm anyone except by Allah’s leave.
What is meant here that Allahs qadr will happen( through magic or not) even if He may dislike them, the magicians? (i.e., things that He decrees should happen even though He may dislike them), not His religious shar’i will (i.e., that which He prescribes and which pleases Him). It is because Allah has not prescribed this and has not given permission for it in His sharee’ah; rather He has forbidden it and stated that it is kufr and is from the teachings of the devils. A
He has ststed it ckearly that whoever buys it i.e. learns it will have no share in the hereafter. This is a great warning and we must be very careful and take heed.
Then Allah says (what means): “And how bad indeed was that for which they sold their ownselves, if they but knew”
What it means is that a person sels himself to the devils for the witchcraft.
Then Allah says (what means), “And if they had believed and guarded themselves from evil and kept their duty to Allah, far better would have been the reward from their Lord, if they but knew!”
Allah says that being patient is far better than learning witchcraft and using it. There is no power and no strength except with Allah.
May Allah protect us.