Firstly we will discuss the history of this day.
It is a jaahili Roman Festival which was celebrated even after Romans became christians. This festival became connected with the saint known as Valentine who was sentenced to death on 14 February 270 CE.
The Kuffar still practice this festival and evil and immorality are preactised and promoted widely.
As a believer, a person must know that it is not permissible for a muslim to celebrate any festival as festivals are matter of shariya which are to be based on the sound texts.
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: Festivals are part of sharee’ah, clear way and rituals of which Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“To each among you, We have prescribed a law and a clear way”
“For every nation We have ordained religious ceremonies which they must follow”
Allah has described in clear words as how a muslim must follow his religion. All the duties and responsibilities.
He has forbidden us to imitate kuffar in their actuons and participating in festivals comes under that heading. There is no difference between their participating in the festival and their participating in all other rituals. Joining in fully with the festival is joining in with kufr, and joining in with some of its minor issues is joining in with some of the branches of kufr.
Joining it will lead to disobey Allah and falling into Kufr.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Every people has its festival and this is our festival.”
As for this festival and its rituals, it is a part of a religion which is cursed along with its followers. Joining it will only cause harm and invokes wrath or Allah.
It is not permissible for a Muslim to imitate anything from Kuffar which is very unique to them i.e. they are distinguished by it especially festivals.
Joining it may include preparing foods that are specially prepared on this day, wearing certain kinds of clothing, lighting fire, refraining from a regular habit, doing acts of worship or anything else.
It is not permissible to give feasts or even join one. Give gifts or receive them on the pretext of this festival, or to sell anything that will help them to do that for that purpose, or to allow children and others to play games that are part of the festivals, or to wear one’s adornments.
For a Muslim this day should be like any other day of the year. Nothing special. The Muslims should not do anything specific in imitation of them.
The hadeeth to which Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah referred was narrated by al-Bukhaari (952) and Muslim (892) from ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) who said: Abu Bakr came in and there were two young girls of the Ansaar with me who were singing about what had happened to the Ansaar on the day of Bu’aath. She said: And they were not (professional) singing girls. Abu Bakr said: “Musical instruments of the shaytaan in the house of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)?!” and that was on the day of Eid. The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “O Abu Bakr, every people has a festival and this is our festival.”
Abu Dawood (1134) narrated that Anas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: When the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) came to Madeenah, they had two days when they would play. He said: “What are these two days?” They said: “We used to play on these days during the Jaahiliyyah.” The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Allaah has given you instead of the two days that are better than them: the day of al-Adha and the day of al-Fitr.” This hadeeth was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood.
This indicates that festivals are among the characteristics by which nations are distinguished, and it is not permissible to celebrate the festivals of the ignorant and the mushrikeen (polytheists).
Celebrating Valentine’s Day is not permissible for a number of reasons.
1. It has no basis in islam. It is an innovation.
2. It promotes zina and temptations.
3. It calls for hearts to be occupied by foolish matters.
4. It makes one forgetful of Allah and his religious duties.
A Muslim must be proud of his religion and must not fall in to temptations of kuffar. A Muslim must be of strong character and iman who doest follow every tom, dick and harry.
5. A person must not be a part of this festival by selling or buying things on pretext of this day because that is a transgression of Allahs limits.
6. It results in evils and haraam things such as wasting time, music, dancing, free mixing, immorality etc.
The one who is sincere towards himself should keep away from sin and the means that lead to it.
And Allaah knows best.