The following are 6 Muslim beliefs about Jesus (peace be upon him) every Christian must know.
1. One cannot be a Muslim without believing in Jesus
A believer is not a believer if he/she does not believe in the prophet Jesus or Isa (AS). A Muslim must believe and respect all the prophets, from Adam to Muhammad (peace be upon him).
Say, [O believers], “We have believed in Allah and what has been revealed to us and what has been revealed to Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the Descendants and what was given to Moses and Jesus and what was given to the prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and we are Muslims [in submission] to Him.” Qur’an, 2:136
Allah mentions Jesus in Quran along with other prophets.
2. He had a miraculous birth
A believer in Islamic faith believes that Jesus was born miraculously without a father. He was born to virgin Mary(Maryam(AS)). Mary is also respected and venerated by Muslims all across the world. Allah has mentioned this event in Quran and a full chapter in Quran is named after her.
3. He performed miracles
Yes, we believe that Jesus performed many miracles by the will of Allah such as creating a bird from clay or curing the blind and leper and bringing the dead back to life.
And [make him] a messenger to the Children of Israel, [who will say], ‘Indeed I have come to you with a sign from your Lord in that I design for you from clay [that which is] like the form of a bird, then I breathe into it and it becomes a bird by permission of God . And I cure the blind and the leper, and I give life to the dead – by permission of God. And I inform you of what you eat and what you store in your houses. Indeed in that is a sign for you, if you are believers. Qur’an, 3:49
Allah explained in Quran that if Jesus was able to perform these miracles only by the permission and will of Allah lest people start thinking he was God.
4. He is not God
Muslims do believe that Jesus is Messenger of God, sent to guide people but he was not divine. Muslims don't believe in his divinity. They don't acknowledge him as the God or son of God. They believe him to be a human being like themselves who was given the task of conveying the message of oneness of God to people.
5. He was not crucified
Christians believe that Jesus was crucified but Muslims don't and differ in this belief. Muslims believe that Jesus was raised to heaven by God and one of his foes was made to look like him, who was crucified instead.
And [for] their saying, “Indeed, we have killed the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, the messenger of Allah .” And they did not kill him, nor did they crucify him; but [another] was made to resemble him to them. And indeed, those who differ over it are in doubt about it. They have no knowledge of it except the following of assumption. And they did not kill him, for certain. Qur’an 4:157
6. Jesus will return
Muslims believe that Jesus is in heaven and will be sent to Earth once again before the final day of the world and establish peace in the world.
As part of a longer narration, the Prophet Muhammad is reported to have said:
“By the one whose hands my life is in, surely the Son of Mary will descend amongst you as a just ruler…” Sahih Al Bukhari